Marble - Types and properties
Types and properties of marble
The definition of the word marble is derived from the ancient Greek word, Μάρμαρο. Μάρμαρο or Marmaro or Marble literally means bright shiny white stone.
Marble is utilised since ancient times as one of the most common building and decorative natural stone. Marble chemically is a metamorphic rock, which is composed of recrystallised carbonate minerals (mostly calcite in concentrations higher than 97%).
In geology, the term marble refers to metamorphosed limestone, but its use in stonemasonry more broadly encompasses unmetamorphosed limestone.
Marble is also used for sculpting based on its characteristics.